Information and Care

Ballpoint Pens

A ballpoint pen is a writing instrument, with an internal ink reservoir and a sphere for a point. The internal chamber (the refill) is filled with a viscous ink that is dispensed at its tip during use by the rolling action of a small sphere. Ballpoint pens are the most widely used pen to date. Their convenience in writing both on paper and on fabrics without causing the unwanted bleed-through of ink (more present on lower grade of papers) or smears on paper make them appropriate when both presentation and legibility is important, such as on medical papers and carbon based papers.

The Advantages of a ballpoint pen:
• Water-based roller ball ink is more likely to smudge than a ballpoint pen’s oil-based ink which dries quicker than the water based ink of a roller ball and thus smudges less.
• Ballpoint pen ink does not “bleed” through paper. The liquid-ink of a roller ball is much more likely to “bleed” through the paper due to its lower viscosity.
• Ballpoint pens use less ink and therefore require less changes of the refill. Roller ball pens generally run out of ink more quickly than ballpoints because roller balls use a greater amount of ink while writing. This is especially true of liquid-ink roller balls, due to gel ink having a low absorption rate as a result of its thickness. Neither lasts as long as a ballpoint.
• Uncapped roller ball pens are more likely to leak ink when, for example, placed into a shirt pocket, but this is easily avoided by recapping the pen.
• A roller ball tip is more likely to clog and jam when writing over correction fluid that has not yet completely dried. This often renders the ink cartridge useless.
• A liquid-ink roller ball is likely to leak during flight on an airplane with a pressurized cabin, although variations that are leak-proof are created to be airplane safe.

Roller Ball Pens

Roller ball pens are pens which use ball point writing mechanisms with water-based liquid or gelled ink, as opposed to the oil-based viscous inks found in ballpoint pens. These less viscous inks, which tend to saturate more deeply and more widely into paper than other types of ink, give roller ball pens their distinctive writing qualities. Most people find that roller ball pens write smoother with less effort than ballpoints. Roller ball pens are close to the writing feel of a fountain pen but with the convenience of a ballpoint.
The advantages of a roller ball pen.
• Less pressure needs to be applied to the pen to have it write cleanly. This permits holding the pen with less stress on the hand, saving energy and improving comfort. This can also translate to quicker writing speeds. This is especially true of liquid ink pens.
• The inks usually have a greater range of colors due to the wider choice of suitable water-soluble dyes and/or to the use of pigments.
• They tend to write finer lines and more clearly than ballpoint pens do.

Fountain Pens

A fountain pen is a nib pen that, unlike its predecessor the dip pen, contains an internal reservoir of water-based liquid ink. The pen draws ink from the reservoir through a feed to the nib and deposits it on paper via a combination of gravity and capillary action. Today, fountain pens are often treated as luxury goods and sometimes as status symbols. Fountain pens may serve as an everyday writing instrument, much like the common ballpoint pen.

Filling the reservoir with ink may be achieved manually (via a syringe), or via an internal filling mechanism which creates suction (for example, through a piston mechanism) to transfer ink directly through the nib into the reservoir. Some pens employ removable reservoirs in the form of pre-filled ink cartridges. A fountain pen needs little or no pressure to write.

When writing, use a constant pressure on the nib avoiding pressing down hard or excessively as this may damage the nib. A fountain pen which utilizes a cartridge is the easiest to use. Simply unscrew the nib from the body of the pen and gently push the cartridge into the base of the nib. To get the ink started, gently squeeze the cartridge until a drop of ink appears at the tip of the nib. Wipe off any excess ink and replace the nib. You are now ready to write.

Although they require very little routine care, fountain pens are not entirely maintenance free. A fountain pen should be cleaned regularly to avoid any problems. Fountain pens should only be cleaned with clean, cool water. NEVER USE HOT WATER. Hot water can easily damage the feed. Cleaning your pen is simple: remove the ink cartridge and fill and flush the pen with cool water, repeating this process several times until the water runs clear. Wipe excess water from the nib using a soft cloth to dry it. In general, you flush a pen by emptying it and then repeatedly filling and emptying it with cool water.
If the pen needs more than regular maintenance due to clogging, unscrew the lower section of the pen, remove the ink cartridge and fill the nib with cool water. Leave the nib section of the pen soaking overnight in a glass or cup of cool water with the nib facing downwards and entirely submerging the nib in water. To speed up this process you may add a small amount of vinegar, ammonia or any cleaning fluid with an ammonia base. Allow the nib to dry thoroughly before filling with ink.
When not using your fountain pen, store it in an upright position with the nib facing up.
How to care for the wood body of the pen

Maintenance and Care

All of our pens are created from wood. Even the dymondwood pens are made from wood veneer that is dyed, stacked together then glued in a large press. As with any natural wood product, the color and sheen of the wood will change over time. Many of the woods will actually become more distinctive and look richer with age. To help maintain the shine and protect your pen we suggest that you polish it occasionally with a high grade furniture paste wax. Just rub a thin layer of wax on the pen, let it sit and buff it with a clean soft cloth. Please follow the directions on the can before applying the wax. Never use any abrasive cleaners or cleaning fluids on the wood body of the pen. These substances can break down the finish and expose the wood.

Other tips:
You should never leave your wood pen in extreme weather conditions. Remember your pen is made of wood and is susceptible to the elements. You should never leave your pen in extreme hot or cold places unprotected. Wood reacts to heat and moisture; some woods are prone to cracking or splitting from wood movement.

If you are having a problem with your Peneuf product please contact us and we will do our best to resolve any issues.